Welcome back to this series on using artificial light in food photography. In part one, we covered how to get that coveted natural light look using just one light and softbox. If you haven’t read part one yet, head over there now to catch up, and i’ll see you in a minute. In this part I’m going to focus on the food photography lighting setup I use, and how you can create two completely different lighting looks, using just one light source and softbox.
Once you’ve found a light setup you’re comfortable with, it can be really easy to stick to it and replicate it over and over again in all your photos. I mean, if it aint broke, don’t fix it, right? Well… not exactly in this case…
There are many reasons to get comfortable with more than one food photography lighting setup. For one, it will help you improve your skills as a photographer, but it will also add diversity to your photos. Being able to confidently light a set in different ways, will help you pick the best look for the type of food you’re shooting and the mood you’re going for.
In some cases, a dish might call for a light, bright side lit look, and in others, the perfect backlight will highlight the food’s best quality. In any case, whether you’re shooting for your own blog, or doing a client shoot, the ability to be versatile will help you no end!
In the photo below, nothing has changed except the lighting setup, and you can see what a dramatic difference it makes to the final shot. Later on in this post, I’m going to show you the exact setup I used to create both of these shots:
The key thing to remember with artificial light is that you’re probably not going to get perfect results the first time you try a new angle. The same way it takes time to learn how to work with natural light, it also takes time to learn how to work with artificial light, so don’t give up.
In last week’s post, I mentioned the equipment that I use. I use a PixaPro LED200D mk II continuous light, and a 150cm octagonal soft box with double diffusion. This light and soft box help me recreate the effect of shooting right next to a window flooding with beautiful natural light, with the added benefit that I can control the brightness, colour and direction, to create my perfect look.
In today’s post, I’m going to show you how easy it is to create a side lit and a back lit look, using just one light and soft box. If you want to see how I did this in video, you can watch below!
Backlighting in food photography is a great way to emphasize the specular highlight on the top of shiny food. In my example above, the olives with their coating of oil look even more appetizing when they have a nice glow around the top.
To backlight, place the soft box behind the food, higher up above your set angling downwards slightly so you don’t just end up with a silhouette of your food. You’re not aiming to have the light visible in the shot, so getting the angles right is important.
Make sure you’ve set up your scene with the focal length lens you want, then with your camera on a tripod, start moving your light around to find the optimum position for your shot.
When backlighting, the use of a white or silver reflector is pretty important as the front of your subject is facing completely away from the light source. This means that without a reflector, the back of your scene will be overexposed if you use the camera settings to expose the front of your food, giving that not great “blown out” look to your back lit shots.
To avoid that, place the reflector at the front of the set and angle it towards the front of your food scene, so the light can bounce directly onto the front of the food. If you have a spare light stand with a reflector arm attached, this will help hold your reflector in the perfect position while you take the photo.
Here’s a view of the backlighting setup I used when shooting those olives:
Side lighting is a great all rounder. It works for nearly every situation, so it’s a solid skill to have up your sleeve.
To light this shot, I’m positioning the light on a slight diagonal to the food, to give the shadows a bit of direction, and again I’m also raising the light higher above the set, and angling it downwards onto the set slightly.
When setting up your scene, play around with the direction of the light. The direction of the shadows in a slide lit shot has a huge impact on the look of the final photo. Depending on the angle you’re shooting your scene, a different direction may look better, so for a top down shot you may want the light higher up and pointing down on your scene more, and for a straight on shot you might want the light a bit lower to give you the opportunity to give your shadows more direction.
For this shot, I’m going to place a reflector directly opposite the light, to fill the shadows slightly, creating a light, bright look. If you’re going for a darker, moodier look where you want the shadows to create a lot of contrast on your food, you can either leave the reflector out of the setup, or even use a black fill card to absorb more of the light to accentuate the shadows.
Here’s a shot of the setup for my side lit photograph:
So there’s two, really different but really simple lighting setups you can recreate using just one light source and soft box. Nailing these setups will give you versatility in your work and confidence to try new things and start experimenting!
Do you use artificial light in your food photography? What kind of lighting setup would you like to recreate that you’re struggling with?
This post is not sponsored. Pixapro kindly sent me the light and softbox free of charge. All opinions are my own and I truly believe in this equipment and use it myself in nearly all my food shoots!